Medieval versus Modern Education

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Medieval versus Modern Education

Medieval education was heavily centered on religion and was nearly exclusively available to young people from affluent families. The cathedral and monastic institutions frequently taught pupils a future in the Church using Latin. The most critical topics considered were Latin language and grammar, rhetoric, logic, and the fundamentals of arithmetic and science. They also studied astrology and philosophy. All the courses were developed using Germanic and Roman materials, and the lack of evidence caused education to be centered on beliefs and myths.

Medieval education had unique characteristics of religion, education, and logic. The dominant features of the intellectual life of the medieval education era (between the 5th and 10th centuries) were; the attitude of unquestioning obedience to authority, willingness to listen to all doctrines, assertions, or occurrences designated by the Church, reliance on such strict truths unquestioningly founded, and conflict to any condition of doubt, of questioning, or inquest as improper and sinful on its own. A new mindset was required in the eleventh century. A new way of thinking emerged with the dissolution of medieval seclusion (Atkins, 2021). The study of dialectic sparked an intellectual curiosity and a desire to formulate and express religious views logically, hence modern education.

Modern and Medieval universities have various similarities and differences. The similarities include; Exactly as they are present, medieval universities were formerly seen as the pinnacle of educational institutions. The cappa clausa of medieval times is the ancestor of contemporary university robes. Any person, irrespective of age, who could manage the tuition and living expenses was welcome to attend university (Perler, 2021). The differences include that most lessons were taught in Latin, and the books were in Latin. An instructor with a chair led medieval students as they sat on the ground. There were no campus sites because medieval colleges were mainly constructed inside towns. Despite the time differences in events, modern and medieval universities have similarities and differences.

In conclusion, there are various similarities between the modern and medieval education systems. In both cases, the highest pinnacle of studies is the university level. It incorporates higher education, for instance, by having at least one of the upper colleges and going further simply training on the humanities. The instruction was done in large portion by Masters, just as it is presently by professors. The modern university originated from medieval universities, therefore the existence of current university robes. Students acquire their junior education in the lower levels before joining the university. Similarly, between the ages of twelve and fifteen, the majority of pupils started their university education after schooling at their nearby churches first.

Furthermore, medieval and modern universities have their differences. The differences include; Most of the lessons then were taught in Latin and books were written in Latin. Because Latin was widely spoken and written in Europe in the medieval education era. In contrast, education is currently taught in more than five languages in universities worldwide. Secondly, an instructor with a chair led medieval students as they sat on the ground. Presently an instructor stands or seats before students who are also seated. Finally, medieval universities were in towns only. Today modern universities are found outside towns for more diverse education.





Atkins, J. W. H. (2021). English literary criticism: the medieval phase. Routledge.

Perler, D. (Ed.). (2021). Ancient and medieval theories of intentionality. Brill.



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