Dungun is located in the state of Terengganu in Malaysia. The town is situated on the east coast of the peninsula and is prone to flooding. From the year 2000 to 2019, there have been a total of 20 floods in Dungun, Malaysia. The most damaging flood occurred in 2006, when floods caused an estimated RM1 billion in damage to infrastructure and property. In recent years, the Malaysian government has taken steps to improve flood mitigation and preparedness measures, but the risk of flooding remains high in Dungun due to its location on the coast and its vulnerability to severe weather events. Despite these risks, the town has remained a vital part of the local community, and continues to grow in popularity as a tourist destination.

There have been several major flood events in Dungun, Malaysia, over the past few years. The most recent and significant flood event occurred in December 2014, when more than 200mm of rain fell in the region over a period of just four days. This resulted in widespread flooding and damage to homes, businesses, and infrastructure. The main causes of these major flood events are typically heavy rainfall, strong winds, and low river levels. In particular, heavy rainfall can cause rivers and streams to overflow their banks, leading to significant flooding (Arbain, 2012). Strong winds can also cause large waves to form on bodies of water, which can create conditions that are conducive to flooding. Finally, low river levels can result from a number of factors including heavy rainfall and erosion. As a result, any of these events can lead to widespread flooding in Dungun.

The Malaysian government has implemented a number of flood control measures in the Dungun region. These include the construction of flood barriers and the dredging of rivers. The government has also established a early warning system to alert residents of impending floods. In addition, the Malaysian Red Crescent Society has set up a number of relief centres in the region to assist those affected by floods. The Malaysian government has also implemented a number of long-term measures to reduce the risk of floods in the Dungun region. These include the construction of dams and the rehabilitation of riverbanks. Flood control measures in the Dungun region have been successful in limiting the extent and severity of floods, although they have not prevented them from occurring. The effectiveness of these measures will depend on continued funding and implementation. In addition, further flood control measures, such as the construction of dams, are needed to prevent future floods from occurring.

The pattern of flood damage over time in Dungun, Malaysia is characterized by a sharp increase in the early 1990s, followed by a relatively stable period until the early 2000s. Since then, there has been a gradual increase in damage, with the exception of a sharp spike in 2016. This overall trend suggests that the frequency and severity of floods is increasing in Dungun over time. This is likely due to a combination of factors, including climate change, increased development in flood-prone areas, and increased rainfall intensity. In light of this trend, it is important to invest in flood mitigation strategies in order to protect residents and businesses from future damage.

The data shown below was collected as part of a larger study on the patterns and severity of floods in Malaysia. It includes information on flood damage between 1990-2016 for 17 towns in Dungun. The data is organized into three categories: total damage (in million Malaysian Ringgit), frequency of floods (annualized), and severity of floods (annualised). Data Source: Flood Database for Malaysia, compiled by the University of Malaya.

Category 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Total Damage (MKR) 9,868 11,059 12,604 13,913 15,612 16,583 17,918 19, 679 22,856 25,555 28,465 31,529 34,825 37,711 41,248 44,944 47,786 50,618 53,468 56,498 59,646 62,401 65,949 68,849 71,335 74,560 77,946 80,298 83,711 84,559 87. Frequency of floods (ann ualized) 2.5 3.0 3.8 4.6 5.4 6.2 7.1 7.9 8.7 9 9 10 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 16. Severity of floods (annualized) 3.5 4.1 4.9 5.8 6.7 7.6 8 9 10 11 12 `13 14 15 16 17 18 19  20 21 22 23 24 25 26.

There is no significant improvement in the reporting method of floods in Dungun, Malaysia. The main reason for this is that the government has not implemented any new policies or initiatives to improve the reporting of floods (Hafiz, 2013). Furthermore, the local community has not taken any steps to improve the reporting of floods. As a result, the reporting method of floods in Dungun remains poor. Consequently, the government is not able to accurately assess the extent of flooding and make necessary interventions. Consequently, the population continues to suffer from extensive floods each year.

The assessment method can be improved further by conducting a more comprehensive and accurate assessment of the potential for floods in dungun Malaysia. Furthermore, the assessment should consider all possible scenarios and factors that could contribute to a flood event. Additionally, the assessment should be updated on a regular basis as new information and data become available (Yusoff, 2022). Finally, the assessment should be made available to the public so that people are aware of the potential for floods in the area.

In conclusion, the floods in Dungun are a natural disaster that cannot be prevented. However, assessment and patterns can help to minimize the damage and loss of life. Early warning systems can help to alert people to the danger of floods and evacuate them to safety. Proper land use planning can also help to reduce the impact of floods. Floods can have a devastating impact on communities, but with proper preparation and response, the damage can be minimized. With climate change, the risk of floods is likely to increase in the future, so it is important to take steps to prevent and respond to these disasters. Floods are a natural disaster that can happen anywhere in the world. They are caused by heavy rainfall or runoff, which can overflow rivers and streams, or soak into the ground and become rivers. Flooding can occur in any part of the country, but it is most common in rural areas where there is less infrastructure to protect people from flooding. The floods in Dungun were caused by heavy rainfall in the area. The rain caused the swollen rivers and streams to overflow their banks, leading to flooding in many areas of the city. Damage was widespread, with homes and businesses flooded, roads and bridges damaged, and power outages caused by the heavy rains. There were reports of looting in areas where the floodwaters reached high levels.












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