Clean Water and Sanitation

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Clean Water and Sanitation
Every human being on the planet has access to water, and it is a crucial element of our everyday life. Every human life form should be able to thrive on our planet because it has 70% water. Sadly, millions of people die each year owing to water, sanitation, and hygiene-related ailments, most of them children. These issues directly impact people’s ability to feed themselves. Clean water is generally defined as safe to drink and free of chemicals or other pollutants. For the water supply to be declared safe, it must be free of all sorts of germs and pathogens that might cause disease or even death. Drinking water must be free of contaminants and odors, and it must be of the purest quality. It is important to drink and provide water to loved ones to ensure that the water is safe to drink and healthy to consume.
The development of a neighborhood is greatly enhanced when residents have access to clean, safe water. Without water, all other development activities are impossible to contemplate. Community well-being and human growth and improvement can only be achieved when sanitation and hygiene are practiced in conjunction with a reliable source of clean water. Diarrhea can be reduced by simply cleaning your hands with soap and water. The amplified effects are considerably more significant when sanitation facilities and a steady clean water supply are used. Educated people are the future of their countries if they have access to clean water, proper sanitation, and proper hygiene (Tortajada, 2021).
Today, water pollution has become a big issue around the world. Several factors contribute to contaminated water, but the most common is human error. Industrial waste, radioactive waste, sewage, and marine garbage deposited straight into large bodies of water without treatment are some of the most significant contributors to water pollution. An individual’s health can be ruined by water-borne infections, which may even threaten their lives. E.coli infection, dysentery, salmonellosis, and typhoid are the most common bacterial infections linked to drinking or using tainted or polluted water.
There are still 663 million people who do not have simple access to safe drinking water since 1990, yet more than six billion have. Around the world, more than a quarter of the population drinks contaminated water. Between 1990 and 2015, the percentage of the world’s population with better access to drinking water grew significantly. Water scarcity already threatens the lives of over forty percent of the world’s population, and that percentage is only going to climb. In river basins where water usage exceeds recharge, one billion people reside. Access to toilets and latrines is an issue for almost 2.4 billion people (Ritchie & Roser, 2021).
Wastewater from human activity is thrown into rivers and oceans without any pollution remediation over 80%. According to financial analysis, approximately 1,000 children die from diarrheal infections due to preventable water and sanitation issues. According to 2011 data, hydropower accounted for 16 percent of the world’s total electricity output. Nearly seventy percent of the water withdrawn from rivers, lakes, and aquifers is used for irrigation.
In conclusion, if water contamination is not addressed correctly, the costs will be enormous for both people and the economy. It is possible to provide clean drinking water to even the poorest people, thanks to the efforts of several organizations.

Komarulzaman, A., Smits, J., & de Jong, E. (2017). Clean water, sanitation and diarrhoea in Indonesia: Effects of household and community factors. Global public health, 12(9), 1141-1155.
Ritchie, H., & Roser, M. (2021). Clean Water and Sanitation. Our World in Data.
Tortajada, C. (2020). Contributions of recycled wastewater to clean water and sanitation Sustainable Development Goals. NPJ Clean Water, 3(1), 1-6.
Satterthwaite, D., & McGranahan, G. (2013). Providing clean water and sanitation. In State of the World 2007 (pp. 58-79). Routledge.

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