The Zapata as described by Lewis rebelled against the government because of land reforms. Zapata was among the rebel groups opposing the dictatorship of Huerta. They allied to fight against Huerta with the support of the United States. They were dissatisfied with the government of Huerta and allied together to overthrow the government. However, factions emerge within these groups as both wanted to control power after the exit of the president. The Mexican revolution was a battle to restore their rights and remove the dictator which was causing problems with poor governance and policies.
Ricardo talked about the opposing factions which bitterly criticized the government for its policies which were capitalistic. Mexicans were tired of bad treatment by Americans. The revolution was intended to install a government which will focus on the Mexican people and isolate from the world (Garcia, 2019). The capitalistic were harmful to the country. The Mexican workers were dissatisfied with government and supported the rebel’s opposing government. The Mexican revolution was caused by various political factors which made several groups to join the revolution. The Mexican revolution lasted longer because the successive governments were immediately overthrown as they factions normally split when they entered government. The policies also differed when they joined government. The groups tuned against each other in effort to control power. The Mexican revolution was a power struggle between different interest groups. Some had support of the United States while others opposed the United States. The workers were dissatisfied with the state of the country and supported the revolution groups.
Ricardo was antigovernment, and also was against the ownership of private property. He was against most Mexican revolutions because he termed them as war between the high classes leaving out the poor. No revolution attracted the needs of the common armers and the poor people. The revolutions were serving the interests of the ruling class and their opponents. He created very many enemies and his life was under threat. He wanted a free society which fights for the rights of the poor (Lomnitz, 2016). The existing revolutions in Mexico served the interests of the ruling class. The closest revolution to Ricardo’s ideals is the Zappa revolution which adopted the land free ownership which grants the poor an opportunity to own land.
Both Lewis and Ricardo were skeptical about the revolutions happening as they served the interest of the higher classes. It was a clash of the competing interests of the ruling class. They were forming factions against each other at the expense of the country. The poor were neglected and their interest ignored. Both renowned in their careers used their platform to give an honest perspective on the nature of the Mexican revolution and the factors influencing them. Revolutions were happening very rapidly as there ware many competing factions with each wanting to control power. It is an interesting study for anthropologists and journalist to investigate then nature for the revolutions and their contributing factors. What strikes is that the interests of the poor were not part of their agenda yet there were many revolutionary factions.
Garcia, D. A. (2019). The Mexican Revolution. The Toro Historical Review, 7(1).
Lomnitz, C. (2016). 5. SECULARISM AND THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION. In Beyond the Secular West (pp. 97-116). Columbia University Press.