Immediately after the establishment of Israel state in the year 1948, the country embraced a citizenship regime that focused on co-ethnic immigration . The implementation of the law of return sphere headed the policy, which has led to an increase of the Jews immigrant In the country. Notably, the law of Return is a symbolic expression that demonstrates the returning back of all the Jews people to their ancient homeland in Palestine. The law of Return established in 1950, refers to the right granted to the Jews to migrate to Israel regardless of their individual situation. The law of Return most certainly signifies the ethnic foundation of Israel. Additionally, in regards to the Zionist principles, the full Jewish experience and existence are not possible when one is outside Israel, hence the main aim of the law is to bring together of the Jewish exiles back to Israel.
The law of Return has given the Jews the right to migrate to Israel, basically as an Oleh. Evidently, every Jews that intends to emigrate to Israel is granted an Oleh’s visa by the ministry of migration, and without much restrictions unless, the Jews in question has directly engaged in activities that are against the Jews people or the immigration of the Jews is most likely to endanger the security of the state or the public health. Notably, the Jews migration has progressively increased throughout the years. The migrants however come from different Jews countries, as such; the overwhelmingly growing number of Jews in Israel has made them the majority group of the country’s population. The amendments of the law of Return over the years have tried to limit the entry of Jews that can be a threat to the country. The amendment of 1955 explicitly stipulated that dangerous criminals could be denied the right to live in Israel. Notably, the amendment of the law in 1970 took a major that saw even more entry of the Jews. The amendments granted automatic citizenship to the Jewish children, spouse, and similarly given their non-Jewish spouses of their children and grandchildren the Israel citizenship.
The second non-Jewish immigrants in Israel are the labor immigrants. Often referred to as foreign workers by the Israel society, the group of immigrants is composed of Africans who migrated to Israel in search of asylum and work. Most of the immigrants come from Ethiopia, Sudan, and Eritrea among other African countries experiencing civil war or political instability. With the number of foreign workers increases and the Africans migrating through the Egyptian Sinai in search of work and asylum also growing, the Israel government has put in place regulations that guide these immigrants and the employers that employ them. The Israel policy on the rights of these immigrants to work is seemingly in a stable condition, or perhaps it is in its transition phase, hence changing the livelihood of these immigrants. Labor migration and the growing population of the Africans immigrants in Israel should seemingly be viewed as a part of the ever-increasing phenomenon of global labor migration.
Notably, the progressive immigration of the Jews and the Africans as foreign workers have drastically shaped the composition and the size of the Israel population.
Israel is more of a secular democratic country than a religious state owing to the much divided religious views that exist between the Jews and the Arabs. Additionally, being a Jewish can mean several things, there are those religious Jewish, and so the secular Jewish Israel is not a religious state in the sense that the country is not antagonistic to religion. Additionally, Israel does not believe in the concept of “wall separation” amongst the churches. Notably, Israel is a country that purposefully furthers and advances religions, where, in such context, the state firmly holds on the Jewish religion, but also considers the significance of other religions. As such, religion is a central feature of Israel and significantly plays a significant role in the shaping of the country’s culture and lifestyle. Ideally, there cannot be a freedom of religion in a country that an individual is not free to belong to any religion of the desire. Even though Israel constitutionally defines itself as a multi-religious nation, where every religion is recognized, there is seemingly no other religion that enjoys its status as an official religion of the country.
The religious nature of Israel can be attributed to Jewish dominance in the country. The supremacy of the Jewish community in Israel has made it difficult to disentangle the country in terms of the national and religious characteristics of the Jewish people. Owing to the fact that Israel states lack a clearly defined and written constitution, the Jewish as the majority population in the States have implemented some self-determination rights where the laws made most often are backed by their religious beliefs.
Despite the fact that the people in the country share many traditions, the most secular and religious Jews seemingly inhibit a separate social world, with apparently few friends and a few cases of intermarriages outside their social group. On the other, as the non-reorganized communities in Israel enjoy their right of religion, which includes the right to establish religious institutions, these groups evidently do not have the court that gives them jurisdictions over their members. Ideally, they do not some tax benefits nor get government funding as opposed to the Jewish religion that is recognized by the government, where they also benefit from tax exemptions.
In summation, despite the fact that the legal system of the state is not entirely with the norms observed by the western countries, it is imperative to note that Israel is a democratic state that significantly respects the freedom of religion. The basis of the nature of the legal system of Israel can be attributed to the historical and complex nature of the country, which was established long ago in the year 1948. As reported by Khan on the freedom of religion in Israel , the religious minority group that inhibits in Israel acknowledged the fact that there were no instances of religious persecution by the country, and hence highlighting on how the government holds on religious freedom and the right of individuals to associate with the religious of their desire. Notably the house of Freedom has emphasized the significant role that the Supreme Court of Israel has played by safeguarding the rights and freedom of people in engaging in religious beliefs of their desire . Hence it is evident that Israel is a secular country where various religious belief exists, and every right of an individual to engage in the religion they desire is safeguarded.
House, Freedom. “Freedom in the World 2017-Israel.” Civil Liberties 44 (2017): 60
Khan, Muqtedar. “Israel: No More The “Only Democracy in the Middle East”.” (2018).
Müller, Tanja R. “Acts of citizenship as a politics of resistance? Reflections on realizing concrete rights within the Israeli asylum regime.” Citizenship Studies 20, no. 1 (2016): 50-66.